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Classical three-body problem ; conformal-geodesic equations ; non-integrable classical system ; irreversible classical dynamics ; equation of geodesic flows ; quantum three-body problem ; irreversible quantum dynamics ; multichannel quantum scattering ; scattering S-matrix

#### Abstract:

The article formulates the classical three-body problem in conformal-Euclidean space (Riemannian manifold), and its equivalence to the Newton three-body problem is mathematically rigorously proved. It is shown that a curved space with a local coordinate system allows us to detect new hidden symmetries of the internal motion of a dynamical system, which allows us to reduce the three-body problem to the 6th order system. A new approach makes the system of geodesic equations with respect to the evolution parameter of a dynamical system (internal time) fundamentally irreversible. To describe the motion of three-body system in different random environments, the corresponding stochastic differential equations (SDEs) are obtained. Using these SDEs, Fokker-Planck-type equations are obtained that describe the joint probability distributions of geodesic flows in phase and configuration spaces. The paper also formulates the quantum three-body problem in conformal-Euclidean space. In particular, the corresponding wave equations have been obtained for studying the three-body bound states, as well as for investigating multichannel quantum scattering in the framework of the concept of internal time. This allows us to solve the extremely important quantum-classical correspondence problem for dynamical PoincarĂ© systems

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Institute for Informatics and Automation Problems of NAS RA ; Institute of Chemical Physics, NAS of Armenia,